French Bread vs Sourdough: A Battle of Two Classic Breads

assorted-size sliced bread on table

Bread is a staple food in many cultures around the world, and its variations have been greatly influenced by the ingredients, climate, and traditions of different regions. Two classic breads that have stood the test of time are French bread and sourdough.

These breads are beloved for their unique flavors, textures, and cultural significance, but what really sets them apart? In this article, we’ll dive into the many facets of French bread and sourdough, and explore the similarities and differences between them.

You know what they say: bread is the staff of life. And I couldn’t agree more!

There’s nothing quite like the aroma of freshly baked bread wafting through your home, signaling that a delicious meal is on its way. French bread and sourdough are two of the most beloved breads in the world, and for good reason.

French bread is a classic baguette, with a crusty shell and a soft interior, while sourdough boasts a tangy, sour flavor and a rustic texture. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the history, composition, flavors, nutritional value, storage, versatility, accessibility, cultural significance, and environmental impact of these two iconic breads.

Composition and Ingredients

French bread and sourdough are made with different ingredients, which contribute to their unique flavors and textures. Traditional French bread is made with flour, water, yeast, and salt.

The flour used in French bread is typically white flour, which is finely ground and produces a soft crumb. The yeast used in French bread is either fresh or dry, and it helps to leaven the bread dough, making it rise.

Salt is added to enhance the flavor of the bread and to help regulate the yeast.

On the other hand, sourdough is made with flour, water, salt, and a sourdough starter, which is a mixture of water and flour that has been fermented with wild yeast and bacteria. The sourdough starter gives the bread its unique sour flavor, and it also contributes to its texture.

The fermentation process breaks down the gluten in the flour, making sourdough easier to digest than other breads. The longer the fermentation process, the tangier the bread will be.

Flavors and Texture

French bread and sourdough have their own distinct flavor profiles and textures.

French bread has a delicate, mild flavor with a crispy crust and a soft, chewy interior. The crust is typically thin and crackly, while the inside is airy and light.

Sourdough, on the other hand, has a tangy, sour flavor with a chewy, dense texture. The crust of sourdough is thicker and chewier than that of French bread, and the inside is filled with irregularly shaped air pockets.

The long fermentation process of sourdough also contributes to its texture. Sourdough is a more rustic bread that’s best enjoyed toasted or as part of a sandwich.

French bread, on the other hand, pairs well with a simple smear of butter or a slice of cheese.

Nutritional Value

When it comes to nutritional content, sourdough has a slight edge over French bread.

Sourdough is easier to digest than other breads, due to the fermentation process. The bacteria and yeast in sourdough break down the gluten, making it easier for the body to absorb the nutrients in the bread.

Sourdough is also lower in glycemic index than French bread, which means it has a smaller impact on blood sugar levels. French bread, on the other hand, is a simple carbohydrate that doesn’t offer much in the way of nutrients, although it’s still a delicious addition to any meal.

Shelf-life and Storage

French bread and sourdough differ in their shelf-life and storage requirements. French bread has a relatively short shelf-life, usually lasting only a day or so before it goes stale. It’s best stored at room temperature in a cloth or paper bag, as plastic can cause condensation and make the crust soggy.

Sourdough, on the other hand, has a longer shelf-life due to its acidity. It can last up to a week before going stale, although it’s best eaten within a few days of being baked.

Sourdough should be stored in a paper bag at room temperature, or in the refrigerator if you want to extend its shelf-life.


Both French bread and sourdough are versatile breads that can be used in a variety of recipes.

French bread is a classic bread that pairs well with soups, stews, and sandwiches. It’s also great as a base for bruschetta or crostini.

Sourdough, on the other hand, is a bread that really stands out in savory dishes. Its tangy flavor pairs well with cheese, cured meats, and pickled vegetables.

Sourdough is also a great bread to use in sourdough pancakes or waffles.

Cost and Accessibility

The cost and accessibility of French bread and sourdough can vary depending on your location. French bread is widely available in most supermarkets and bakeries, and typically costs between $2-$4 per loaf.

Sourdough, on the other hand, may be harder to find outside of certain regions. Sourdough is a staple bread in San Francisco, where it has been produced since the Gold Rush days.

Outside of California, sourdough may be harder to come by, and may cost more than French bread due to its longer fermentation time and use of a sourdough starter.

Cultural Significance

French bread is an iconic part of French culture and cuisine. The baguette has been a staple in French bakeries for over a century, and it’s often seen as a symbol of France itself.

In fact, there are even laws in France that dictate the size, shape, and composition of baguettes that can be sold under the name “baguette”.

Sourdough, on the other hand, is a bread with regional significance. It’s most closely associated with San Francisco, where sourdough has been produced since the California Gold Rush of 1849.

Today, sourdough remains a staple in bakeries and homes throughout the Bay Area, and has gained a cult following across the country.

Environmental Impact

Bread production can have a significant impact on the environment, depending on how the bread is produced and sourced.

Both French bread and sourdough can be made with locally-sourced ingredients, reducing their carbon footprint. However, the commercialization and mass production of breads can contribute to waste and emissions.

Choosing breads from local bakeries or making your own bread at home can be a more sustainable option.


So, which bread is better – French bread or sourdough? Well, that depends on your personal preferences!

French bread is a classic bread with a mild, delicate flavor that pairs well with a variety of dishes. Sourdough, on the other hand, is a rustic, tangy bread that has a unique flavor and texture.

Both breads have their own cultural significance, and their nutritional value and environmental impact can depend on the sourcing and production of the bread. Ultimately, the best bread is the one that you enjoy the most!

Christian R

Hello, my name is Christian and I'm the owner of (Academy Of Bread). If you can't tell by the name this site it is all about bread, bread making, dough, and anything and everything else bread related.If you love bread then you are in the right place!This site is dedicated to one thing... helping you make and bake the best bread ever! Whether you are baking bread for the first time or just have some general questions about bread or dough I will try to answer them on this site.

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